Stretch marks, or, scientifically speaking, stretch marks, are often the subject of panic for many not only pregnant women, but also for plump women or women who have lost weight quickly. Stria themselves are linear micro fissures of connective tissue, when gradually under the influence of external forces the macromolecules of elastin and collagen “diverge aside”.
Initially, seamed skin appears as bright red stripes in pregnant women, as they are accompanied by micro-bleeds. Then they turn blue, then become white and flabby, and finally resemble scars with a slight sheen on the surface. If stretch marks are small, then a few years later they become almost imperceptible, but in the first months of existence after pregnancy cause a lot of cosmetic frustration to their owners. Most often, stretch marks during pregnancy appear on the abdomen, but less often – on the buttocks and thighs, on the chest.
The main factor in the appearance of stretch marks on the abdominal skin is a gradual increase in pregnancy uterus, and a special genetic predisposition of women. In addition, stretch marks appear faster with severe dryness of the skin, with a rapid increase in pregnancy abdomen with little collagen in the structure of connective tissue. This means that the greater the age of the expectant mother, the greater the risk of stretch marks.
Modern pharmaceutical industry produces a large number of different creams, oils and emulsions from the appearance of stretch marks in pregnant women. Many of them contain various ingredients that include various antioxidants, fat-soluble vitamins, skin moisturizing glycerin, hyaluronic acid, elastin and collagen. But many of these constituents, such as vitamins in large quantities, should not be taken during pregnancy, or even applied to the skin. Therefore, to avoid an overdose of substances such as vitamin A or retinol, for example, local prescriptions of creams for pregnant women have a special composition.
A pregnant woman choosing a cream to prevent and treat stretch marks and stretch marks should pay attention to its composition. It should be hypoallergenic, and preferably consist of natural ingredients. Carefully study the instructions, as part of a cream or emulsion for stretch marks should not be harmful substances for the unborn child and pregnant. And, of course, be sure that the cream should not cause allergies when tested on the skin, should have a pleasant, not pungent smell, and should not have in the form of contraindications during pregnancy and lactation.
The rating of creams for stretch marks during pregnancy includes Bepanten, which contains Dexpanthenol and refers to tissue regeneration stimulator. It is indicated for a wide range of diseases and conditions accompanied by compromised skin integrity. Dexpanthenol is considered a provitamin, which in the skin turns into another molecule, pantothenic acid, and it gets into the Kebs cycle, playing a very important role in the normalization of tissue structure and in the healing of various cracks, wounds, sores, including stretch marks and stretch marks, normalizes tissue metabolism.
Indicated Bepanten cream, except for fresh stretch marks, for the prevention of severe dry skin, nipple dermatitis, and even in the daily care of the face and hands. Apply it by rubbing it gently into the problem area two to three times a day. Produces Bepanten German pharmaceutical company Grenzach, and the cost of 100 ml. tube of cream is about 860 rubles.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantage of Bepanten is its good tolerability, fast absorption, it can also be used in pregnant and nursing mothers. On sale there are a variety of volumes, from 30 to 100 ml, and you can choose the right amount. Bepanten is also sold as an ointment, so it can be applied overnight for fresh striae under a bandage. Bepanten is very good against dry skin, and is also indicated in the care of the child’s skin, such as diaper rash and diaper dermatitis. However, at the same time Bepanten is unable to eliminate the old already appeared stretch marks, and so it should only be used as a preventive measure.
Weleda oil for stretch marks prevention
Weleda special oil for stretch marks prevention is produced by the manufacturer of the famous Weleda line, a German company with the same name. The oil contains only natural ingredients. It’s sweet almond oil, jojoba oil and wheat germ oil, additionally the product composition is enriched with arnica extract, which gives the oil a pleasant and gentle scent.
Weleda oil for the prevention of stretch marks does not contain minerals, synthetic derivatives, preservatives and dyes. The oil should be used in combination with a light massage on problem areas or on the thighs, buttocks, abdomen and breasts. The manufacturer allows the use of this massage oil in the earliest stages of pregnancy. In order to avoid stretch marks, this oil can be applied with light massage up to three months of the baby’s age, i.e. within 3 months after giving birth. This oil allows you to maintain skin elasticity not only during pregnancy, but also during lactation.
Advantages and disadvantages
A big plus of this perfume – parapharmaceutical composition is considered a natural composition, pleasant smell, easy absorption, good tolerance and safety for the baby. But given the economical consumption, this oil can be enough for no more than a month of regular use. In addition, this oil is positioned by the manufacturer only for prevention, so it is ineffective in treating stretch marks.
Johnson’s Baby Stretch Marks Oil for Pregnancy
A well-known pharmaceutical concern Johnson’s Baby did the original way. He produces about 6 varieties of different oils for the skin of newborns (basic, with aloe, with chamomile). And the manufacturer also recommends using them to moisturize the skin of pregnant women. Each of the oils is able to retain 10 times more moisture in the thickness of the skin, and provide, according to the manufacturer, intensive hydration. Unlike babies, adults can apply the oil not only to dry skin, but also to wet skin. Any of the oils, therefore, can be used, including for the prevention of stretch marks, all products are hypoallergenic and safe for both pregnant and nursing women.
The oil should be rubbed on problem areas with gentle movements, for the prevention of stretch marks is shown a course of rubbing twice a day for a few months, starting from the first day of pregnancy. The basic oil, which is simply called baby oil, is very inexpensive.
Advantages and disadvantages
However, in each of these formulations of oils, there is no special prescription, which is designed for the prevention, and even more so for the treatment of stretch marks. Of course, the cost of these oils is low, but it is also due to the fact that the main component here is not at all vegetable oil, but mineral, derived from oil. Despite the fact that this vaseline oil is highly purified, it has no advantages compared to the specially selected natural compositions, and especially the creams described above. But the side effects and allergic reactions of mineral oils, as clinical practice shows, much more. In addition, these oils absorb very slowly and one should often wipe off the excess with a napkin.
This Italian cream contains argan oil, which is a rarity in pregnancy care cosmetics. Thanks to this valuable extract, the skin is not only saturated with beneficial substances, but also becomes elastic. It is all about vitamin E: argan has 3 times more vitamin E than olive. According to bloggers, the consistency is not thick and it is easily absorbed. Thanks to the perfume fragrance, it has a pleasant smell.
Of the disadvantages: the high price.
Despite the stated name “cream”, it is more of a lotion from stretch marks (according to bloggers). The consistency of the white color, with a slight floral smell – nice to apply, quickly absorbed. The composition is listed only on the package, to whom it is important, the box is better to keep. Together with shea butter and rosehip oil, it contains vitamins, so this cream is optimal for the autumn-winter season, when the body suffers from a lack of substances.
Of the disadvantages: the price is high; retinol (vitamin A) is included, an allergic reaction during pregnancy is possible.